Water tourism is referred to as extreme recreation or even a health and life-threatening sport. However, water tourism is one of the most popular varieties of modern travel. As a rule, it is based on overcoming various water routes, both river and sea, on all kinds of vessels. Water tourism is strongly associated with deep positive emotions, thrills, overcoming difficult routes and, as a consequence, pride in the trip. It is important that water tourism combines the pleasure of adventure with a healthy lifestyle.
This is a dynamic kind of outdoor activity that involves moving inflatable boats, kayaks, rafts and catamarans downstream. Such trips can be made both on quiet wide rivers, and on stormy mountain streams. Depending on the speed of the route and the complexity of the routes, there are six levels of complexity. The higher it is, the greater the risk for tourists. For example, the sixth category of difficulty involves the presence on the river thresholds, and to pass such a route only by experienced athletes.
It is an extreme modification of river alloys by special inflatable boats called rafts. As a rule, they can accommodate 6-8 people and, unlike canoes or catamarans, are extremely high-pass and stable. Rafting is carried out on rough mountain rivers and is a team trip. Each person in the crew has a function, and not only the safety of the alloy, but also the life of comrades depends on the coordinated efforts of all team members.
Sailing is considered the most romantic type of water travel. It can be practiced on almost any large enough reservoirs, ranging from wide rivers to marine expanses. In addition to the excitement of the trip itself, yachting gives tourists a fascinating exploration of distant cities and countries or allows you to enjoy the untouched nature.
It is one of the most extreme and complex types of water tourism, which requires athletes extraordinary skill. The names of the main types of kayaking speak for themselves – alloy, rowing and rodeo. Traveling is carried out on small single or rarely double small boats – kayaks. Typically, kayaking is water tourism for individuals who are not afraid to challenge the stormy mountain river and stay with it one by one.
Due to the invention of scuba diving, scuba diving has become a fairly widespread type of water tourism. State-of-the-art diving equipment and effective training systems have made it accessible to virtually all people in normal health. Today it is a completely safe, comfortable and affordable type of holiday. People who have a penchant for outdoor activities will probably prefer immersion in the uncharted abyss of the seas to a banal beach vacation. The best conditions for diving on a global scale are in the Red Sea, the waters that wash Australia and the Pacific Atolls.